Validity and Reliability of the Exercise Vital Sign Questionnaire in an Ethnically Diverse Group: A Pilot Study

J Prim Care Community Health. 2019 Jan-Dec;10:2150132719844062. doi: 10.1177/2150132719844062.


The purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Exercise Vital Sign (EVS) questionnaire in an ethnically diverse sample. Participants (N = 39) were asked to wear an accelerometer at the hip for at least 7 days and to complete the EVS at the beginning (T1) and end (T2) of the wear period. The EVS questionnaire validity was determined against accelerometry, and bias was calculated as the mean difference between measures. The sensitivity and specificity of the EVS questionnaire were also evaluated. The reliability of the questionnaire was calculated using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) between EVS responses at T1 and T2. The mean difference in EVS- and accelerometer-determined time in MVPA was 24 min/wk. The reliability for the questionnaire was excellent (ICC = 0.98). The EVS specificity and sensitivity at T2 were 56% and 78%, respectively. The EVS questionnaire may be an acceptable measure of weekly MVPA time compared to accelerometry in an ethnically diverse sample; however, further research is needed to confirm these findings.

Keywords: measurement; movement; physical activity; questionnaire.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Accelerometry*
  • Adult
  • Asian
  • Black or African American
  • Ethnicity*
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pilot Projects
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • Self Report*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vital Signs
  • White People
  • Young Adult