The development of a manual-based digital memory notebook intervention with case study illustrations

Neuropsychol Rehabil. 2020 Oct;30(9):1829-1851. doi: 10.1080/09602011.2019.1611606. Epub 2019 May 3.


There is currently a need to identify feasible and effective interventions to help older individuals suffering from memory loss maintain functional independence and quality of life. To improve upon paper and pencil memory notebook interventions, the Digital Memory Notebook (DMN) application (app) was developed iteratively with persons with cognitive impairment. In this paper we detail a manual-based intervention for training use of the DMN app. A series of three case studies are described to illustrate the clinical process of the DMN intervention, the key components of the intervention and participants' perceptions of the intervention. The Reliable Change Index was applied to pre/post intervention scores that examined everyday memory lapses, daily functioning, coping self-efficacy, satisfaction with life, and quality of life with standardized measures. Following the intervention, two of three participants self-reported a clinically significant reduction in everyday memory lapses and improved everyday functioning. One participant reported clinically significant change in quality of life. All participants demonstrated clinically significant changes in their ability to cope with problems and build self-efficacy. Furthermore, all participants scored in the normative range post-intervention on the measure of satisfaction with life. Clinical observations and participant feedback were used for refinement of the DMN intervention ( NCT03453554).

Keywords: Cognitive rehabilitation; brain injury; memory; mild cognitive impairment; technology.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / rehabilitation*
  • Cognitive Remediation* / instrumentation
  • Cognitive Remediation* / methods
  • Computers, Handheld
  • Humans
  • Memory Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Mobile Applications
  • Patient Outcome Assessment
  • Software Design

Associated data