Pediatric Ambulatory Anesthesia Challenges

Anesthesiol Clin. 2019 Jun;37(2):289-300. doi: 10.1016/j.anclin.2019.01.002. Epub 2019 Mar 15.


Ambulatory surgery in the pediatric population can be similar to adult ambulatory with a few different challenges. Success is best determined by appropriate preoperative screening. Issues common in pediatrics are the respiratory infection, asthma, congenital heart disease and syndromes, as well as sleep apnea. Risk factors for adverse respiratory events and patient transfer differ from adults as do data for rapid discharge.

Keywords: Asthma; Discharge criteria; Pediatric ambulatory surgery; Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV); Preoperative evaluation; Sleep apnea.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Ambulatory Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Anesthesia / methods*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Pediatrics / methods*
  • Preoperative Care
  • Risk Factors