High-sensitive immunosensing of protein biomarker based on interfacial recognition-induced homogeneous exponential transcription

Anal Chim Acta. 2019 Aug 27;1067:107-114. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2019.03.052. Epub 2019 Apr 1.


A novel and versatile immunosensing strategy was developed for ultrasensitive and specific detection of proteins by organically integrating interfacial specific target recognition and homogeneous transcription amplification. In principle, classic antigen-antibody sandwich structure on the microplate could realize the specific identification of target protein. Biotinylated DNA probe was subsequently introduced by streptavidin-biotin system as a bridge linking interfacial and homogeneous reaction. The biotinylated DNA initiated exponential transcription amplification in the solution, which converted per target recognition event on the interface to numerous single-stranded RNA products in solution for highly sensitive fluorescence immunosensing. The proposed immunoassay based on interfacial recognition-induced homogeneous exponential transcription (IR-HET) for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) detection showed a good linear range from 0.01 to 1000 pg/mL and the limit of detection as low as 1 fg/mL, which was 3 orders lower than traditional ELISA method. The established strategy was also successfully applied to directly detect VEGF from culture supernatants of tumor cells and clinical body fluid samples, proving very high sensitivity, selectivity and low matrix effect. Therefore, IR-HET-based immunosensing strategy might become a potential powerful tool be applied in ultrasensitive detection of low abundance protein biomarker for clinical early diagnosis, treatment and prognosis.

Keywords: Homogeneous exponential transcription; Immunosensing; Interfacial recognition; Signal amplification; Vascular endothelial growth factor.

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis*
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics
  • Biosensing Techniques*
  • Body Fluids / chemistry*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Humans
  • Immunoassay*
  • Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques
  • Transcription, Genetic / genetics*
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors / analysis*
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors / genetics


  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors