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, 7 (7), 1184-1192
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Effect of Er,Cr:YSGG on Remineralization Using CPP - ACPF (MI - Paste Plus) After Enamel Erosion Caused by Carbonated Soft Drink in Primary Teeth: In-Vitro Study

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Effect of Er,Cr:YSGG on Remineralization Using CPP - ACPF (MI - Paste Plus) After Enamel Erosion Caused by Carbonated Soft Drink in Primary Teeth: In-Vitro Study

Ghada Ezzeldin Elwardani et al. Open Access Maced J Med Sci.

Abstract

Background: Erosion is a widespread phenomenon with higher predilection in primary dentition.

Aim: The aim of the present study is to assess the remineralising effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser application combined with CPP-ACPF after erosive demineralisation by Coca-Cola in primary teeth.

Methods: Fifty teeth (n = 10) were divided into; Group I: Artificial saliva, (Saliva natural, Medac, UK), Group II: CPP-ACPF (MI Paste Plus, GC Corp, USA), Group III: Er,Cr:YSGG (Waterlase iPlus, USA), Group IV: CPP-ACPF + Er,Cr:YSGG, Group V: Er,Cr:YSGG + CPP-ACPF. Teeth were immersed in Coca-Cola for 10 min, 5 times/day for 5 days. DIAGNOdent (DD) measurements were taken before and after the experiment.

Results: There was a significant increase in DD readings after erosive-treatment cycles in all test groups. The highest reading was in samples immersed in artificial saliva, and the lowest was in those subjected to combined CPP-ACPF and Er,Cr:YSGG laser application, regardless of the sequence used. There was no significant difference between samples immersed in artificial saliva, and after CPP-ACPF application. Similarly, there was no significant difference between samples treated by combined treatment of CPP-ACPF and Er,Cr:YSGG application. However, there was a significant difference between samples immersed in artificial saliva or treated with CPP-ACPF application and those subjected to combined treatment CPP-ACPF along with Er,Cr:YSGG.

Conclusion: Combining Er,Cr:YSGG laser and CPP-ACPF paste significantly increased enamel remineralisation, regardless of the sequence implemented. Saliva naturally and CPP-ACPF application had a comparable effect on remineralisation.

Keywords: CPP-ACPF; DIAGNOdent; Er,Cr:YSGG; Erosion; Primary teeth.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Disinfection of extracted teeth
Figure 2
Figure 2
Storage of extracted teeth
Figure 3
Figure 3
Calibration of the probe
Figure 4
Figure 4
Baseline reading
Figure 5
Figure 5
MI-Paste Plus application
Figure 6
Figure 6
Tip was kept 1mm away
Figure 7
Figure 7
Cleaning of the contaminated tip
Figure 8
Figure 8
Box and whisker plot; (Different superscript letters indicate significant pair-wise comparison)
Figure 9
Figure 9
Multiple comparisons of Dunn orders

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