Endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (EEC) is the most common gynaecologic malignancy worldwide. Long non-coding RNAs have previously been demonstrated to play important roles in regulating human diseases, particularly cancer. However, the biological functions and molecular mechanisms of long non-coding RNAs in EEC have not been extensively studied. Here, we describe the discovery of Lnc-NA from the promoter of the transcription factor nuclear receptor subfamily 4 group A member 1 (NR4A1) gene. The role and function of Lnc-NA in EEC remain unknown. In this study, we used quantitative real-time polymerase chain reactions to confirm that Lnc-NA expression was down-regulated in 30 EEC cases (90%) and in EEC cell lines compared with that in the paired adjacent tissues and normal endometrial cells. In vitro experiments further demonstrated that overexpressing Lnc-NA decreased EEC cell proliferation, migration and invasion and promoted apoptosis via inactivation of the apoptosis signalling pathway. Moreover, the results show that Lnc-NA expression was positively correlated with NR4A1. Furthermore, Lnc-NA regulated NR4A1 expression and activated the apoptosis signalling pathway to inhibit tumour progression. In summary, our results demonstrate that the Lnc-NA-NR4A1 axis could be a useful tumour suppressor and a promising therapeutic target for EEC.
Keywords: Lnc-NA; NR4A1; endometrial carcinoma; migration and invasion; proliferation and apoptosis.
© 2019 The Authors. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine.