Laser Photobiomodulation 904 nm Promotes Inhibition of Hormone-Sensitive Lipase Activity in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes Differentiated Cells

Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg. 2019 Feb;37(2):66-69. doi: 10.1089/photob.2018.4515. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Abstract

Background: The lipid metabolism is essential for maintaining the body's energy responses. Laser photobiomodulation triggers many important cellular effects, but these effects on lipid metabolism are not well described. In this study, we analyzed the laser photobiomodulation in the hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) activity, a key enzyme in the triglycerides (TAG) hydrolysis in adipose tissue 3T3-L1. Methods: Cells were submitted to the differentiation protocol in adipose cells, irradiated with 1, 2, and 3J with laser (904 nm-60 mw-laser diode) and incubated for 4 h after irradiation. Results: The response of laser photobiomodulation was able to trigger an inhibition of HSL activity (control = 0.057 ± 0.0008; 1J = 0.050 ± 0.0003; 2J = 0.0477 ± 0.002; 3J = 0.051 ± 0.002; p = 0.0003 against the control), but no modulation was observed in TAG levels into the medium (control = 26.5856 ± 0.52; 1J = 26.5856 ± 0.52; 2J = 27.2372 ± 1.41; 3J = 25.9991 ± 0.1303; p = 0.18). Conclusions: This is the first study of HSL activity modulation with laser radiation, suggesting that photobiomodulation can influence adipose tissue metabolism and open a new field of study.

Keywords: adipose tissue; fat metabolism; hormone-sensitive lipase; photobiomodulation.

MeSH terms

  • 3T3-L1 Cells
  • Adipocytes / metabolism*
  • Adipocytes / radiation effects*
  • Animals
  • Cell Culture Techniques
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Lipid Metabolism / radiation effects*
  • Low-Level Light Therapy*
  • Mice
  • Sterol Esterase / metabolism*

Substances

  • Sterol Esterase