Finding new targets to control or reduce seizure activity is essential to improve the management of epileptic patients. We hypothesized that activation of the pre-synaptic and inhibitory metabotropic glutamate receptor type 7 (mGlu7) reduces spontaneous seizures. We tested LSP2-9166, a recently developed mGlu7/4 agonist with unprecedented potency on mGlu7 receptors, in two paradigms of epileptogenesis. In a model of chemically induced epileptogenesis (pentylenetetrazole systemic injection), LSP2-9166 induces an anti-epileptogenic effect rarely observed in preclinical studies. In particular, we found a bidirectional modulation of seizure progression by mGlu4 and mGlu7 receptors, the latter preventing kindling. In the intra-hippocampal injection of kainic acid mouse model that mimics the human mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, we found that LSP2-9166 reduces seizure frequency and hippocampal sclerosis. LSP2-9166 also acts as an anti-seizure drug on established seizures in both models tested. Specific modulation of the mGlu7 receptor could represent a novel approach to reduce pathological network remodeling.
Keywords: Animal models; Epilepsy; Metabotropic glutamate receptor; Neuropharmacology; Seizures.
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