From 1973 through 1983, 20 newborns with congenital duodenal atresia were treated. These patients are compared with our previous series and with other published series. There were no fatalities among the 19 patients who underwent operation, an improvement from the 72 percent survival rate in our previous series. Fifty-five percent of the patients had associated congenital anomalies, which frequently complicated their management. The use of a transanastomotic jejunal feeding tube resulted in delayed oral feeding and prolonged hospitalization, and cannot be recommended.