The Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome (APS), proposed as a condition warranting further study in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), is a controversial diagnostic construct originally developed to identify individuals at clinical high-risk for psychosis. The relationship of APS and Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SPD) remains unclear with respect to their potential co-occurrence and the effect of SPD on risk for conversion to threshold psychosis. We examined the prevalence and effect on conversion of SPD in a cohort of 218 individuals whose symptoms met APS criteria. Results indicated that SPD was highly prevalent (68%), and that SPD did not influence risk for conversion. Rather, total positive symptom burden measured by the Structured Interview for Psychosis-Risk Syndromes (SIPS; OR 1.12, p = 0.02) emerged as the strongest predictor of conversion. These data suggest that when encountering a patient whose presentation meets SPD criteria, the clinician should assess whether APS criteria are also met and, for 1-2 years, carefully monitor positive symptoms for possible conversion to threshold psychosis.
Keywords: Attenuated psychosis syndrome; Clinical high-risk for psychosis; Prodromal psychosis; Schizotypal personality disorder; Schizotypy.
Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Ltd.