Usefulness of ultrasound in the management of aortic dissection

Rev Cardiovasc Med. 2018 Sep 30;19(3):103-109. doi: 10.31083/j.rcm.2018.03.3182.


Aortic dissection is an acute large vessel disease characterized by sudden onset, rapid disease progression and high mortality. Color doppler ultrasound analyzed the morphological and hemodynamic status of aortic branches before and after aortic dissection surgery, including carotid, subclavian, renal, celiac, superior mesenteric and iliac arteries. Transthoracic echocardiography, vascular ultrasound, transesophageal echocardiography, intravascular ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography are complementary to aortic multi-slice spiral computed tomography angiography for diagnosis, treatment and prognostic evaluation.

Keywords: Aortic dissection; echocardiography; ultrasound.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / diagnostic imaging*
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / physiopathology
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / surgery
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / diagnostic imaging*
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / physiopathology
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / surgery
  • Aortic Dissection / diagnostic imaging*
  • Aortic Dissection / physiopathology
  • Aortic Dissection / surgery
  • Aortography / methods
  • Clinical Decision-Making
  • Computed Tomography Angiography
  • Contrast Media / administration & dosage
  • Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional*
  • Echocardiography, Transesophageal*
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography
  • Multimodal Imaging
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prognosis
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color*
  • Ultrasonography, Interventional*


  • Contrast Media