Exaggerated natriuretic response to isotonic volume expansion in hypertensive renal transplant recipients: evaluation of proximal and distal tubular reabsorption by simultaneous determination of renal plasma clearance of lithium and 51Cr-EDTA

Eur J Clin Invest. 1987 Feb;17(1):37-42. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2362.1987.tb01223.x.

Abstract

In fourteen hypertensive and fourteen normotensive renal transplant recipients, and in a group of thirteen healthy controls, changes in natriuresis, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and tubular reabsorption of sodium were determined in relation to intravenous infusion of 2 mmol isotonic sodium chloride per kg body weight. An exaggerated natriuresis was demonstrated in the hypertensive renal transplant recipients. This new finding indicates that the augmented natriuresis following plasma volume expansion, which is a characteristic finding in subjects with arterial hypertension, is not mediated by the renal nerves. Investigation of the tubular reabsorption rates of sodium by simultaneous determination of the renal clearance of 51Cr-EDTA and lithium showed that in the hypertensives the changes in tubular handling of sodium were different from those registered in the normotensive subjects. The increased sodium excretion in the hypertensive renal transplant recipients was caused by an increased output of sodium from the proximal tubules which was not fully compensated for by an increased distal reabsorption. Whether this increased delivery of sodium to the distal segments was caused by changes in GFR or in the proximal tubular reabsorption of sodium could not be clarified in the present study and warrants further investigations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Absorption
  • Adult
  • Chromium Radioisotopes
  • Creatinine / blood
  • Edetic Acid / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / physiopathology*
  • Kidney Transplantation*
  • Kidney Tubules / physiopathology
  • Lithium / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Natriuresis*
  • Plasma Volume*
  • Sodium / metabolism

Substances

  • Chromium Radioisotopes
  • Lithium
  • Edetic Acid
  • Sodium
  • Creatinine