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, 10 (3), 586-592

Radiological Evaluation of Tunnel Position in Single Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in the Indian Population and Their Clinical Correlation

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Radiological Evaluation of Tunnel Position in Single Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in the Indian Population and Their Clinical Correlation

Anindya Debnath et al. J Clin Orthop Trauma.

Abstract

Background: Proper positioning of osseous tunnels during single bundle arthroscopic ACL reconstruction, which gives reproducibly good clinical outcome, is a matter of concern. Little evidence is there correlating tunnel position in arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with their clinical outcome in Indian population. Our aim in this study was to examine if the radiological tunnel-positions were significantly associated to the clinical outcomes.

Methods: ACL reconstruction was performed in 147 young patients with an isolated ACL tear. They were followed up prospectively for the next two years. Clinical assessment of each patient was done using the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) evaluation form before surgery and at two years later the surgery. At the same time, the radiological assessment was done on standard digital radiographs.

Results: Considering the anterior and posterior-most points on the Blumensaat's line as 0% and 100% respectively the average position of the femoral tunnel was at 84.8%. Similarly, the tibial tunnel was at 46.8% along the tibial plateau. On the coronal plane the average position of the tibial tunnel was at 45.6% point along the tibial plateau (measured from the medial-most point towards laterally). The mean position of the femoral tunnel in the coronal plane was at 43.2% along the broadest part of the distal femur (measured from the lateral extent). The average inclination angle of the graft measured 19.6° (along the coronal plane).

Conclusion: Ideal clinical outcome was significantly associated with the placement of the femoral tunnel along the sagittal plane. Placement of the femoral tunnel should not be beyond the 85% mark along the Blumensaat's line from the anterior-most point. No correlation was established between clinical results and any of the remaining radiological parameters described above.

Keywords: ACL reconstruction; Clinical outcome; Radiological assessment; Single bundle; Tunnel position.

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