Association of food parenting practice patterns with obesogenic dietary intake in Hispanic/Latino youth: Results from the Hispanic Community Children's Health Study/Study of Latino Youth (SOL Youth)

Appetite. 2019 Sep 1;140:277-287. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2019.05.006. Epub 2019 May 4.

Abstract

Some food parenting practices (FPPs) are associated with obesogenic dietary intake in non-Hispanic youth, but studies in Hispanics/Latinos are limited. We examined how FPPs relate to obesogenic dietary intake using cross-sectional data from 1214 Hispanic/Latino 8-16-year-olds and their parents/caregivers in the Hispanic Community Children's Health Study/Study of Latino Youth (SOL Youth). Diet was assessed with 2 24-h dietary recalls. Obesogenic items were snack foods, sweets, and high-sugar beverages. Three FPPs (Rules and Limits, Monitoring, and Pressure to Eat) derived from the Parenting strategies for Eating and Activity Scale (PEAS) were assessed. K-means cluster analysis identified 5 groups of parents with similar FPP scores. Survey-weighted multiple logistic regression examined associations of cluster membership with diet. Parents in the controlling (high scores for all FPPs) vs. indulgent (low scores for all FPPs) cluster had a 1.75 (95% CI: 1.02, 3.03) times higher odds of having children with high obesogenic dietary intake. Among parents of 12-16-year-olds, membership in the pressuring (high Pressure to Eat, low Rules and Limits and Monitoring scores) vs. indulgent cluster was associated with a 2.96 (95% CI: 1.51, 5.80) times greater odds of high obesogenic dietary intake. All other associations were null. Future longitudinal examinations of FPPs are needed to determine temporal associations with obesogenic dietary intake in Hispanic/Latino youth.

Keywords: Acculturation; Diet; Food parenting practices; Hispanic/Latino; Obesity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Diet / ethnology
  • Diet / statistics & numerical data*
  • Diet Surveys
  • Dietary Sugars
  • Eating / ethnology
  • Eating / psychology*
  • Feeding Behavior / ethnology
  • Feeding Behavior / psychology
  • Female
  • Hispanic or Latino / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Obesity / ethnology
  • Obesity / psychology*
  • Parenting / ethnology
  • Parenting / psychology*
  • Snacks
  • Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

Substances

  • Dietary Sugars