Comparative effects of inhaled salbutamol, sodium cromoglycate, and beclomethasone dipropionate on allergen-induced early asthmatic responses, late asthmatic responses, and increased bronchial responsiveness to histamine

J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1987 May;79(5):734-40. doi: 10.1016/0091-6749(87)90204-1.


Single-dose salbutamol (200 micrograms), beclomethasone dipropionate (200 micrograms), and sodium cromoglycate (SCG) (10 mg) administered by inhalation 10 minutes before allergen challenge were examined with regard to inhibition of allergen-induced early (EAR) and late (LAR) asthmatic responses and allergen-induced increase in bronchial responsiveness to inhaled histamine. Ten atopic subjects with asthma participated in a blinded, crossover, placebo-controlled trial. The EAR was inhibited by salbutamol and SCG but not by beclomethasone dipropionate or placebo (p less than 0.01). The LAR (p less than 0.01) and the allergen-induced increased bronchial responsiveness to histamine 7 hours (p less than 0.01) and 30 hours (p less than 0.05 and p less than 0.01 for various comparisons) were inhibited by SCG and beclomethasone diproprionate but not by salbutamol or placebo. The allergen-induced LAR and associated increased responsiveness are now believed to be more important clinically than the EAR. The clinical relevance of these results is to stress the importance of the prophylactic nonbronchodilator drugs (SCG and steroids) and the potential inadequacy of bronchodilators used alone in the treatment of both perennial and seasonal allergic asthma.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Inhalation
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Albuterol / administration & dosage
  • Allergens / pharmacology
  • Asthma / drug therapy*
  • Beclomethasone / administration & dosage
  • Bronchi / drug effects
  • Bronchial Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Bronchial Provocation Tests
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Cromolyn Sodium / administration & dosage
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Histamine / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Time Factors


  • Allergens
  • Histamine
  • Beclomethasone
  • Cromolyn Sodium
  • Albuterol