Purpose: Gasdermin B (GSDMB) overexpression/amplification occurs in about 60% of HER2 breast cancers, where it promotes cell migration, resistance to anti-HER2 therapies, and poor clinical outcome. Thus, we tackle GSDMB cytoplasmic overexpression as a new therapeutic target in HER2 breast cancers.
Experimental design: We have developed a new targeted nanomedicine based on hyaluronic acid-biocompatible nanocapsules, which allow the intracellular delivery of a specific anti-GSDMB antibody into HER2 breast cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo.
Results: Using different models of HER2 breast cancer cells, we show that anti-GSDMB antibody loaded to nanocapsules has significant and specific effects on GSDMB-overexpressing cancer cells' behavior in ways such as (i) lowering the in vitro cell migration induced by GSDMB; (ii) enhancing the sensitivity to trastuzumab; (iii) reducing tumor growth by increasing apoptotic rate in orthotopic breast cancer xenografts; and (iv) diminishing lung metastasis in MDA-MB-231-HER2 cells in vivo. Moreover, at a mechanistic level, we have shown that AbGB increases GSDMB binding to sulfatides and consequently decreases migratory cell behavior and may upregulate the potential intrinsic procell death activity of GSDMB.
Conclusions: Our findings portray the first evidence of the effectiveness and specificity of an antibody-based nanomedicine that targets an intracellular oncoprotein. We have proved that intracellular-delivered anti-GSDMB reduces diverse protumor GSDMB functions (migration, metastasis, and resistance to therapy) in an efficient and specific way, thus providing a new targeted therapeutic strategy in aggressive HER2 cancers with poor prognosis.
©2019 American Association for Cancer Research.