Concentration of extracellular vesicles isolated from blood relative to the clinical pathological status of dogs with mast cell tumours

Vet Comp Oncol. 2019 Dec;17(4):456-464. doi: 10.1111/vco.12489. Epub 2019 May 30.


Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membrane-enclosed fragments shed from all cell types, including tumour cells. EVs contain a wide range of proteins, biolipids and genetic material derived from mother cells and therefore may be potential biomarkers for tumour diagnosis, disease progression and treatment success. We studied the effect of canine mast cell tumours (MCTs) on EV concentrations in blood isolates in association with MCT's histological grade, Ki-67 proliferative index, KIT-staining pattern and number of PLT. The average EV concentration in blood isolates from nine dogs with MCTs was considerably higher than that in blood from eight healthy dogs. But there were no statistically significant differences in EVs concentration in the population of dogs with MCT according to a different histological grade of malignancy (Patnaik, Kiupel), KIT-staining pattern and Ki-67 proliferation index. The results show that these variables statistically do not significantly predicted EV concentrations in blood isolates (P > .05), except the KIT-staining pattern I which added statistically significantly to the prediction (P < .05). The results confirmed the impact of neoplasms on the morphological changes to cell membranes, which result in greater vesiculability and higher EV concentrations.

Keywords: canine; extracellular vesicles; mast cell tumour; oncology; small animal.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cohort Studies
  • Dog Diseases / blood*
  • Dog Diseases / pathology
  • Dogs
  • Extracellular Vesicles*
  • Female
  • Male
  • Mastocytoma / blood
  • Mastocytoma / pathology
  • Mastocytoma / veterinary*
  • Skin Neoplasms / blood
  • Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • Skin Neoplasms / veterinary*