Some considerable issues concerning malaria elimination in India

J Vector Borne Dis. 2019 Jan-Mar;56(1):25-31. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.257770.


Malaria elimination is a health priority of India for the national development and to meet UN sustainable development goals. In this article, an attempt has been made to highlight some of the key issues that need attention and consideration. These include addressing the gaps in malaria burden and adopting District Health Information System (DHIS) for real time data gathering, transfer and analysis for rapid response. The article highlights threat to malaria elimination from human migration, asymptomatic malaria, P. malariae as a neglected species, need for updating vector information and devising strategies to control relay vector species especially in the high burden states of India. Additionally, scale-up of vector control interventions, integrated vector management and enhancement of vector control capacity and capability have been emphasized. It is suggested that process, performance and progress indicators for malaria elimination may be clearly spelt out and disseminated. What are the data needs for malaria elimination certification, must be well-understood? Lessons learnt by the countries that have eliminated malaria recently shall be of great value to malaria elimination efforts in India.

Keywords: Asymptomatic malaria; Plasmodium malariae; integrated vector management; malaria elimination; migration; national programme.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Asymptomatic Diseases / epidemiology
  • Disease Eradication / organization & administration*
  • Disease Vectors
  • Human Migration
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Malaria / epidemiology*
  • Malaria / prevention & control*
  • Mosquito Control*