Malaria elimination: Using past and present experience to make malaria-free India by 2030

J Vector Borne Dis. 2019 Jan-Mar;56(1):60-65. doi: 10.4103/0972-9062.257777.


Malaria causes significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Since 2005, malaria cases have been declining globally with many countries having eliminated malaria and several other countries heading towards malaria elimination. The World Health Organization's Global Technical Strategy for malaria targets at least 90% reduction in case incidences and mortality rates, and elimination in 35 countries by 2030. India along with other Asia-Pacific countries has pledged to eliminate malaria by 2030. Sustainable vector control and case management interventions have played a pivotal role in malaria control leading to elimination. Malaria is complex in India due to the presence of multiple parasites and vectors species, asymptomatic cases, resistance against antimalarials and insecticides, social, demographic, cultural and behavioural beliefs. Therefore, maintaining zero indigenous malaria transmission and preventing malaria through importation of cases requires well-planned multi-pronged intervention strategies. This article provides insights into the past and present malaria control and elimination efforts that may be useful for the national programme for eliminating malaria from India by 2030.

Keywords: India; insecticide; interventions; malaria elimination.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anopheles / parasitology
  • Antimalarials / therapeutic use
  • Disease Eradication / methods*
  • Drug Resistance
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Insecticides*
  • Malaria / epidemiology
  • Malaria / prevention & control*
  • Mosquito Vectors* / parasitology
  • Plasmodium / drug effects


  • Antimalarials
  • Insecticides