Objective: To identify predictors of and factors associated with the performance of antireflux surgery during the first year of life in children born with esophageal atresia.
Study design: All patients were included in a French registry for esophageal atresia. All 38 multidisciplinary French centers completed questionnaires about perinatal characteristics and one-year outcome for children born with esophageal atresia.
Results: Of 835 infants with esophageal atresia born in France from 2010 to 2014, 682 patients, excluding those with long-gap esophageal atresia, were included. Three patients had type I, 669 had type III, and 10 had type IV esophageal atresia. Fifty-three children (7.8%) received fundoplication during the first year of life. The median age at the time of the end-to-end esophageal anastomosis was 1.1 day (range 0-15). Multivariate analysis identified three perioperative factors that predicted the need for early antireflux surgery: anastomotic tension (P = .004), associated malformations (P = .019), and low birth weight (P = .018). Six other factors, measured during the first year of life, were associated with the need for antireflux surgery: gastroesophageal reflux (P < .001), anastomotic stricture (P < .001), gastrostomy (P < .001), acute life-threatening event (P = .002), respiratory complications (P = .045), and poor nutritional status (P < .001).
Conclusions: Gastroesophageal reflux disease, low birth weight, poor nutrition, and surgical anastomosis difficulties predicted the performance of antireflux surgery in the first year of life in infants with esophageal atresia.
Keywords: antireflux surgery; esophageal atresia; fundoplication; gastroesophageal reflux disease; infant.
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