Experiments with direct detection of multiple FIDs

J Magn Reson. 2019 Jul;304:16-34. doi: 10.1016/j.jmr.2019.04.018. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

Abstract

Pulse schemes with direct observation of multiple free induction decays (FIDs) offer a dramatic increase in the spectral information content of NMR experiments and often yield substantial improvement in measurement sensitivity per unit time. Availability of multiple receivers on the state-of-the-art commercial spectrometers allows spectra from different nuclear species to be recorded in parallel routinely. Experiments with multi-FID detection have been designed with both, homonuclear and multinuclear acquisition. We provide a brief overview of such techniques designed for applications in liquid- and solid- state NMR as well as in hyperpolarized samples. Here we show how these techniques have led to design of experiments that allow structure elucidation of small molecules and resonance assignment in proteins from a single measurement. Probes with multiple RF micro-coils routed to multiple NMR receivers provide an alternative way of increasing the throughput of modern NMR systems. Solid-state NMR experiments have also benefited immensely from both parallel and simultaneous FID acquisition in a variety of multi-dimensional pulse schemes. We believe that multi-FID detection will become an essential component of the future NMR methodologies effectively increasing the information content of NMR experiments and reducing the cost of NMR analysis.

Keywords: Afterglow magnetization; Hadamard encoding; Hyperpolarization; Interleaved acquisition; Metabolomics; Multi-FID detection; Multiple receivers; Multiplex phase cycling; NMR supersequences; Parallel NMR; Parallel spectroscopy; Reduced dimensionality; Residual polarization; Simultaneous cross-polarization; Solid-state NMR; Spatial encoding; Ultra-fast NMR.