An Analysis of Clinical and Histopathologic Features of Fibrous Dysplasia of the Jaws: A Series of 40 Cases and Review of Literature

Head Neck Pathol. 2020 Jun;14(2):353-361. doi: 10.1007/s12105-019-01039-9. Epub 2019 May 11.

Abstract

Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a rare condition commonly involving the jaws. While FD has a typical clinical and histological presentation, considerable variation exists. Moreover, overlap of features with other disorders is possible. This study serves to characterize the features of a large case series of FD of the jaws. With IRB approval, the University of Florida Oral Pathology Biopsy Service archive was retrospectively searched from 1994 to 2015 for cases of FD. Epidemiological data, location, duration, clinical and radiographic appearance, clinical impression and exact microscopic diagnosis were recorded. The average age was 37.3 years (range 7-87 years) with majority of cases in females (67.5%). The most common ethnicity was Caucasian. Maxillary location was predominant (59%), followed by mandible (38%) and multiple locations (3%). Expansion was reported in 78% of cases. Radiographically, most cases exhibited ground glass opacity, however some presented with a mottled or mixed radiopaque/radiolucent appearance. Histologically, a wide variation in terms of stromal cellularity, presence of osteoblastic rimming, and presence of calcified material mimicking cemento-osseous dysplasia was observed. Clinicians and pathologists should be cognizant of the significant variability in clinical, histopathologic, and radiographic presentation of FD, which may pose a diagnostic challenge.

Keywords: Fibro-osseous; Fibrous dysplasia; Gnathic; Mandible; Maxilla.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Craniofacial Fibrous Dysplasia / pathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Young Adult