Virtual diagnostics and guided tooth preparation for the minimally invasive rehabilitation of a patient with extensive tooth wear: A validation of a digital workflow

J Prosthet Dent. 2020 Jan;123(1):20-26. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2018.11.023. Epub 2019 May 10.


The recent evolution of digital technologies in dentistry has enabled virtual 3D diagnostic analysis of a dentition before treatment, allowing for virtual, minimally invasive treatment planning. In this report, an extensively worn dentition was 3D virtual analyzed at an increased vertical dimension of occlusion. Virtual waxing (exocad DentalCAD; Exocad) and subsequent analysis of the need for minimally invasive preparations were performed. Areas of each tooth without adequate clearance for the minimal thickness of a definitive restoration (set at 1.5 mm in the software), including the amount of tooth substance to be removed (GOM Inspect; GOM), were visualized in color. A preparation guide was virtually designed according to this diagnostic plan (3-matic; Materialise) and 3D printed (Connex3 Objet260; Stratasys) from resin (VeroMagenta RGD851; Stratasys). The teeth were minimally prepared using the guide, and the amount of preparation was validated by superimposing the scan of the prepared model on the initial scan and comparing it with the diagnostic plan.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Tooth Attrition*
  • Tooth Preparation
  • Tooth Wear*
  • Vertical Dimension
  • Workflow