Sphingobium sp. strain SYK-6, an aerobic gram-negative bacillus found in soil, is known for utilizing lignin-derived monoaryls and biaryls as carbon sources and degrading aromatic compounds. The Sphingobium sp. strain SYK-6 genome contains three genes involved in salicylate catabolism: SLG_11260, SLG_11270, and SLG_11280. Here, we report that the gene product of SLG_11280 functions as a maleylpyruvate hydrolase (SsMPH) with Km and Kcat values of 166.2 μM and 3.76 min-1, respectively. This study also reveals the crystal structures of both the apo and pyruvate-manganese ion-bound SsMPH, which revealed that like other fumarylacetoacetate hydrolases, SsMPH dimerizes and has nine unique 310-helices. Molecular docking studies of maleylpyruvate also revealed the likely binding mode of SsMPH and its substrate.
Keywords: Crystal structure; Maleylpyruvate hydrolase; Salicylate catabolism; Sphingobium sp. strain SYK-6.
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