This review examined whether the addition of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) to electrocardiography (ECG)-inclusive preparticipation screening strategies has the potential to reduce false-positive results and detect diseases associated with sudden cardiac death that may not be identified through current modalities. Five studies, representing 2646 athletes, demonstrated that ECG-inclusive preparticipation screening strategies resulted in positive results in 19.9% of the cohort. With the addition of POCUS, positive results were reduced to 4.9%, and 1 additional condition potentially associated with sudden cardiac death was identified. The magnitude of positive results with POCUS may be reduced if current ECG criteria were applied.
Keywords: athletes; point-of-care ultrasound; preparticipation screening.
© 2019 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.