Imaging of Brain Infarctions: Beyond the Usual Territories

J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2019 May/Jun;43(3):443-451. doi: 10.1097/RCT.0000000000000865.


In this review, our intension is to present imaging features of several categories of uncommon cases of brain infarctions including infarctions associated with neurovascular variants, infarctions along small arterial territories, and brainstem stroke syndromes. Infarctions associated with neurovascular variants include azygos anterior cerebral artery territory infarction and artery of Percheron infarction. In the second group, we discuss anterior choroidal artery infarction and artery of Heubner infarction. The third group highlights brainstem stroke syndromes, including Claude and Benedikt syndromes due to midbrain infarction; Foville, Marie Foix, and locked-in syndromes due to pontine infarction; and Dejerine (medial medullary), bilateral medial medullary, and Wallenberg (lateral medullary) syndromes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain Infarction / classification*
  • Brain Infarction / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Standard of Care
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed