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. 2019;12(3):434-439.
doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2019.434-439. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Characterization and Comparison of Strains of Pasteurella multocida Associated With Cases of Progressive Atrophic Rhinitis and Porcine Pneumonia in Argentina

Free PMC article

Characterization and Comparison of Strains of Pasteurella multocida Associated With Cases of Progressive Atrophic Rhinitis and Porcine Pneumonia in Argentina

Fernando A Bessone et al. Vet World. .
Free PMC article


Background: Pasteurella multocida (Pm) is the causative agent of progressive atrophic rhinitis (PAR) and pneumonic pasteurellosis (PN) in pigs. Pm is a member of the porcine respiratory complex responsible for important economic loss in the pig industry.

Aim: This study aimed to characterize the Pm strains recovered from clinical cases of PN and PAR and to elucidate the antibiotic susceptibility profiles of the strains.

Materials and methods: Sixty strains were characterized molecularly by polymerase chain reaction to determine species-specific gene, capsular type (A or D), and toxin A production. The agar diffusion method was employed to evaluate antibiotic resistance profiles.

Results: We found that 65% of strains belonged to capsular type A or D, and 15% of those were positive to toxA gene. The antibiotic susceptibility profiles found were sensitive in decreasing order to: Enrofloxacin, ceftiofur (CTF), ampicillin, tilmicosin (TIL), florfenicol (FFN), spectinomycin (SPC), gentamicin, oxytetracycline (OTC), and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMS). Strains were resistant in decreasing order to: Lincomycin (LIN), tylosin (TYL), erythromycin (ERY), TMS, SPC, OTC, FFN, TIL, and CTF.

Conclusion: The toxA gene was detected in many Pm isolates from pneumonic lungs. Capsule type A or D was the most frequently found among the collected isolates. LIN, TYL, and ERY are the drugs which showed higher percentages of resistant isolates.

Keywords: Pasteurella multocida; antibiotics susceptibility profiles; molecular characterization; pig.


Electrophoresis gel of polymerase chain reaction products. Lane 1: CapD; Lane 2: KMT1; Lane 3: CapA; Lane 4: Negative control; Lane 5: CapD; Lane 6: Ladder (100bp).
Profiles of antibiotic susceptibility of Pasteurella multocida strains.
Dendrogram shows conglomerates analysis of antibiotic profiles of Pasteurella multocida from progressive atrophic rhinitis and pneumonic pasteurellosis cases.

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