Characterization and application of a biosurfactant isolated from Candida utilis in salad dressings

Biodegradation. 2019 Aug;30(4):313-324. doi: 10.1007/s10532-019-09877-8. Epub 2019 May 14.


This study aimed at characterizing a biosurfactant from Candida utilis, and use it in the preparation of salad dressings. The biosurfactant was produced in mineral medium supplemented with 6% glucose and 6% waste frying canola oil. The crude biosurfactant was then tested for stability in different conditions of pH, salt concentration, heating time and temperature. The critical micelle dilution, chemical composition, and structural analysis were determined. The compound was resistant to extreme conditions and presented stable surface tension and emulsification activity in alkaline pH and was characterized as a carbohydrate-lipid-protein complex showing the best formulation and consistency at 0.7% (w/v) with guar gum indicating potential applicability in food emulsions.

Keywords: Biosurfactant; Candida utilis; Emulsion; Foods; Salad dressing.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bandages
  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • Candida*
  • Emulsions
  • Surface-Active Agents*


  • Emulsions
  • Surface-Active Agents