Pig-a gene mutation database

Environ Mol Mutagen. 2019 Oct;60(8):759-762. doi: 10.1002/em.22298. Epub 2019 Jun 7.


Mutations in the X-linked phosphatidylinositol glycan, class A gene (Pig-a) lead to loss of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors and GPI-anchored proteins from the surface of erythrocytes and other mammalian cells. The Pig-a gene mutation assay quantifies in vivo gene mutation by immunofluorescent labeling and flow cytometry to detect the loss of GPI-anchored proteins on peripheral blood erythrocytes. As part of the regulatory acceptance of the assay, a public database has been created that provides detailed information on Pig-a gene mutation assays conducted in rats and mice. A searchable version of the database is available through a website designed and hosted by the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy. Currently, the database contains only mouse and rat data, but it is anticipated that it will expand to include data from other species, including humans. A major purpose in developing the database was to aid in the preparation of a Retrospective Performance Analysis and Detailed Review Paper required for Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Test Guideline acceptance. We anticipate, however, that it also will be useful for accessing and comparing Pig-a data to data from other assays and for conducting quantitative assessments of Pig-a gene mutation responses. Environ. Mol. Mutagen., 60:759-762, 2019. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Keywords: assay regulatory acceptance; detailed review paper; glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI); mouse and rat; phosphatidylinositol glycan, class A gene; retrospective performance analysis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biological Assay
  • Databases, Factual*
  • Erythrocytes / metabolism*
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Mice
  • Mutagenicity Tests
  • Mutation
  • Rats


  • Membrane Proteins
  • phosphatidylinositol glycan-class A protein