Radiomics: Principles and radiotherapy applications

Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2019 Jun;138:44-50. doi: 10.1016/j.critrevonc.2019.03.015. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Abstract

Radiomics is defined as the extraction of a large quantity of quantitative image features. The different radiomic indexes that have been proposed in the literature are described as well as the various factors that have an impact on the robustness of these indexes. We will see that several hundred quantitative features can be extracted per lesion and imaging modality. The ever-growing number of features studied raises the question of the statistical method of analysis used. This review addresses the research supporting the clinical use of radiomics in oncology in the staging of disease, discrimination between healthy and pathological tissues, the identification of genetic features, the prediction of patient survival, the response to treatment, the recurrence after radiotherapy and chemoradiotherapy and the side effects. Based on the existing literature, it remains difficult to identify features that should be used for current clinical practice.

Keywords: Chemoradiotherapy; Medical imaging; Radiomics; Radiotherapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnostic Imaging / methods*
  • Humans
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Medical Oncology / methods*
  • Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Neoplasms / radiotherapy