Aim: The purpose of this study was to develop a folate receptor-targeted 68Ga-labeled agent for the detection of cancer cells in mouse models of ovarian cancer by dual positron-emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Moreover, we aimed to develop a controlled biopolymer-based chemistry that enables linking metal-binding (here Ga-68) chelators.
Materials and methods: The nanoparticle (NP) agent was created by self-assembling of folic acid-modified polyglutamic acid and chelator-modified chitosan followed by radiolabeling with 68Ga (III) ions (68Ga-NODAGA-FA). The structure of modified biopolymers was characterized by spectroscopy. Particle size and mobility were determined.
Results: Significant selective binding of NPs was established in vitro using folate receptor-positive KB and - negative MDA-MB-231 cell lines. In vivo tumor uptake of folate-targeted 68Ga3+-radiolabeled NPs was tested using subcutaneous tumor-bearing CB17 SCID mice models. PET/MR dual modalities showed high tumor uptake with 6.5 tumor-to-muscle ratio and NP localization.
Conclusion: In vivo results supporting the preliminary in vitro tests demonstrated considerably higher 68Ga-NODAGA-FA nanoparticle accumulation in KB tumors than in MDA-MB-231 tumors, thereby confirming the folate receptor-mediated uptake of this novel potential PET imaging agent.
Keywords: 68Ga-NODAGA; Poly-gamma-glutamic acid; chitosan; self-assembling nanoparticles; xenograft model.
Copyright© 2019, International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.