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Review
, 29 (8), 2631-2647

Effect of Bariatric Surgery on Serum Inflammatory Factors of Obese Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Review

Effect of Bariatric Surgery on Serum Inflammatory Factors of Obese Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Moein Askarpour et al. Obes Surg.

Abstract

Obesity is one of the main causes of inflammation. Previous studies have reported inconclusive results regarding the effect of bariatric surgery on inflammatory markers. This systematic review and meta-analysis is aimed at describing the effect of bariatric surgery on C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). PubMed/Medline and Scopus were systematically searched for all eligible studies from inception to June 2018. Results are expressed as weighted mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) using a random effects model. Overall, 116 studies which evaluated serum CRP, IL-6, and TNF-α after bariatric surgery were included. Pooled effect size showed significant reduction in serum CRP (- 5.30 mg/l, 95% CI - 5.46, - 5.15, P < 0.001), IL-6 (- 0.58 pg/ml, 95% CI - 0.64, - 0.53, P < 0.001), and TNF-α (- 0.20 pg/ml, 95% CI - 0.39, - 0.02, P = 0.031) with significant heterogeneity across studies (> 95% for all factors). Bariatric surgery significantly lowered inflammatory factors; however, baseline BMI, follow-up duration and type of surgery could impact the extent of observed effects.

Keywords: Bariatric surgery; C-reactive protein; Interleukin 6; Meta-analysis; Tumor necrosis factor-α.

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