Is Digital Guided Implant Surgery Accurate and Reliable?

Dent Clin North Am. 2019 Jul;63(3):381-397. doi: 10.1016/j.cden.2019.02.006. Epub 2019 Apr 12.


The digital workflow for computer-aided implant surgery includes a range of steps leading to generation of a prosthetically driven, 3-dimensional virtual plan, which is transitioned into the patient's mouth by the surgical guide and protocol. Guided implant surgery is believed to be accurate and reliable compared with free-handed implant surgery. However, deviation between implant virtual plan and implant real position may occur as a result of accumulated errors throughout the digital workflow. This article reviews the digital workflow of static computer-aided implant surgery. Factors that may affect the accuracy and clinical outcome of the guided surgery are also reviewed.

Keywords: Accuracy; Computer-aided surgery; Computer-assisted surgery; Dental implants; Digital workflow; Implant-guided surgery; Virtual plan.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Computer-Aided Design
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous*
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Surgery, Computer-Assisted*
  • Workflow