Equations for the calculation of O2 consumption, CO2 production, and water vapor production in a constant-volume, closed-system respirometer are presented. Necessary measurements include only the initial temperature, pressure, and gas volume in the respirometer chamber, and the fractional concentration of O2 in gas samples taken at the beginning and end of the period of measurement. Potential errors resulting from changes in CO2 and water vapor concentrations are identified. Ignoring CO2 effects can produce up to a 6.4% error in estimates of O2 consumption, and errors due to water vapor effects can exceed 100%. Techniques are presented for minimizing potential errors and for measuring CO2 and water vapor concentrations with an O2 analyzer so that potential errors can be eliminated.