Long noncoding RNA LINC00052 inhibits colorectal cancer metastasis by sponging microRNA-574-5p to modulate CALCOCO1 expression

J Cell Biochem. 2019 Oct;120(10):17258-17272. doi: 10.1002/jcb.28988. Epub 2019 May 19.

Abstract

The dysregulation of long-chain noncoding ribonucleic acid (lncRNA) is a common phenomenon in many human cancers. Some studies on the biological function of long intergenic non-protein-coding RNA 52 (LINC00052) in cancer indicate that this gene can act as either oncogene or tumor suppressor in some kinds of cancers, such as breast cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, and lung cancer. However, the biological function of LINC00052 in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been studied. Quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot (WB) techniques were applied to detect the expression levels of LINC00052, miR-574-5p, and calcium-binding and coiled-coil domain 1 (CALCOCO1) in CRC cells and tissues. We authenticated the biological function of LINC00052 and miR-574-5p in CRC, and find some target genes for LINC00052 and miR-574-5p via bioinformatics methods. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was performed to identify the interaction between LINC00052 and miR-574-5p or CALCOCO1 and miR-574-5p. The results demonstrated that LINC00052 was downregulated in CRC tissues compared with their adjacent tissues. And LINC00052 could suppress CRC cells metastasis both in vivo and in vitro. Beyond that, miR-574-5p was upregulated in CRC tissues, and as an oncogene, it accelerated CRC cell migration and invasion. More importantly, the results of our research demonstrated that LINC00052 could regulate the expression of CALCOCO1 via sponging miR-574-5p in CRC. Overall, our study illuminated the lncRNA-miRNA functional networks in CRC, and these results might provide a new research direction for the diagnosis and treatment of CRC.

Keywords: LINC00052; colorectal cancer; invasion; miR-574-5p; migration.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism*
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cell Movement*
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Humans
  • Liver Neoplasms / genetics
  • Liver Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Liver Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Liver Neoplasms / secondary
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Nude
  • MicroRNAs / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • MicroRNAs / genetics
  • MicroRNAs / metabolism
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Prognosis
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / genetics*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays

Substances

  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • CALCOCO1 protein, human
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • MIRN574 microRNA, human
  • MicroRNAs
  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • Transcription Factors
  • long non-coding RNA Linc00152, human