Urologic oncology workforce diversity: A first step in reducing cancer disparities

Urol Oncol. 2022 Apr;40(4):120-125. doi: 10.1016/j.urolonc.2019.04.025. Epub 2019 May 16.


Urologic cancer disparities based on race/ethnicity and gender are well-documented across the cancer continuum. Patients cared for by physicians of similar race/ethnicity and gender report better communication, patient satisfaction, and care adherence which has the potential to translate into better health outcomes. We believe that ensuring a diverse Urologic Oncology workforce is an important first step toward eliminating cancer disparities due to the downstream effects of improved communication between concordant patient-physician dyads. In this essay, we review the demographics of the Urologic cancer patient population and Urologic Oncology workforce; describe current evidence supporting healthcare workforce diversity, especially related to race and gender-based concordant patient-physician relationships; and make recommendations for individual and institutional strategies to develop and support a diverse workforce in Urologic Oncology.

Keywords: Cancer disparities; Diversity; Gender bias; Health workforce; Urologic cancers.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ethnicity
  • Healthcare Disparities
  • Humans
  • Medical Oncology
  • Neoplasms*
  • Physicians*
  • United States
  • Workforce