MHC-mismatched Allotransplantation of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-derived Cardiomyocyte Sheets to Improve Cardiac Function in a Primate Ischemic Cardiomyopathy Model

Transplantation. 2019 Aug;103(8):1582-1590. doi: 10.1097/TP.0000000000002765.


Background: Although allogeneic-induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes (CMs) exhibit potential in cardiomyogenesis for heart failure, whether major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-matched allogenic iPSC implantation (MMAI) minimizes immune rejection for cell survival or functional recovery remains unknown. We herein explored whether MMAI with an iPSC-CM sheet is stable for a longer period and therapeutically more effective than MHC-mismatched AI in a primate ischemic cardiomyopathy model.

Methods: Green fluorescent protein-transfected iPSC-CM sheets, derived from cynomolgus macaques with homozygous MHC haplotypes ''HT1,'' were transplanted on the left ventricle, generated by ligating the left anterior descending artery for 2 weeks in an ischemic model with or without heterozygous HT1 as MMAI and MHC-mismatched AI. Sham models were made by opening the chest at 14 days after left anterior descending ligation without any treatment.

Results: Stereomicroscopy revealed that at 4 months after transplantation, green fluorescent protein intensity was higher in the MMAI group than in the MHC-mismatched AI group and the sham group. Immunohistochemistry staining revealed that host immune reaction with CD3-positive cells was stronger in MHC-mismatched AI than in MMAI at 3 months. Cardiac function improved both in MMAI and MHC-mismatched AI at 1 month after transplantation and was preserved until 6 months, whereas in the sham group, functional deterioration progressed over time.

Conclusions: Although MHC-homo-iPSCs are preferred to avoid immune rejection, MHC-mismatched iPSC-CMs can also induce comparable cardiac functional recovery at late follow-up, suggesting that MHC-mismatched iPSC-based cardiac regenerative therapy with immunosuppressants is a feasible option for treating heart failure in clinical settings.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cardiomyopathies / immunology
  • Cardiomyopathies / physiopathology
  • Cardiomyopathies / therapy*
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Heart Ventricles / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Ventricles / physiopathology*
  • Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Macaca fascicularis
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence
  • Multidetector Computed Tomography
  • Myocardial Ischemia / immunology
  • Myocardial Ischemia / physiopathology
  • Myocardial Ischemia / therapy*
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / immunology
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / pathology*
  • Recovery of Function
  • Stem Cell Transplantation / methods*
  • Transplantation, Homologous
  • Ventricular Function, Left / physiology*