Objective: The risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is higher in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) compared to the general population. Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of PsA. Because tofacitinib increases circulating lipid levels in some patients, we evaluated CVD risk factors and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with active PsA receiving tofacitinib 5 or 10 mg twice daily plus conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs.
Methods: Data were pooled from 2 phase III studies (Efficacy and Safety of Tofacitinib in Psoriatic Arthritis [OPAL Broaden] and Tofacitinib in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis With Inadequate Response to TNF Inhibitors [OPAL Beyond]) and 1 ongoing long-term extension (Open-Label Extension Study of Tofacitinib in Psoriatic Arthritis [OPAL Balance], data cutoff January 2017; database not locked). Outcomes included fasting lipid levels, blood pressure, hypertension-related adverse events (AEs; including hypertension, high blood pressure, and increased blood pressure), and MACE.
Results: Overall, 783 tofacitinib-treated patients were included. Percentage increases from baseline in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) levels ranged from 9% to 14% for tofacitinib 5 mg and 10 mg at 3 and 6 months; no meaningful changes in LDL-c:HDL-c or total cholesterol:HDL-c ratios were observed. Blood pressure remained stable for 24 months. Fifty-eight patients (7.4%) had hypertension-related AEs; none were fatal (incidence rate [IR] per 100 patient-years 4.81 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 3.65-6.22]). Five patients (0.6%) had MACE (IR 0.24 [95% CI 0.05-0.70]); 2 were fatal.
Conclusion: Serum lipid level increases at month 3 following tofacitinib treatment in PsA were consistent with observations in rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis. The IR of hypertension-related AEs and MACE was low; long-term follow-up is ongoing.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01877668 NCT01882439 NCT01976364.
© 2019, Pfizer Inc. Arthritis Care & Research published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American College of Rheumatology.