Background and aims: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of grazoprevir/elbasvir in patients with chronic genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV co-infection who experienced peginterferon alfa plus ribavirin (PegIFN/RBV) (clinicaltrials.gov NCT03098121). Methods: This non-randomized, open-label trial study was conducted in Taoyuan General Hospital. HIV-infected patients were screened for HCV antibody since June 1, 2012, and HCV and HIV co-infected patients were tested for HCV RNA. The subjects who experienced PegIFN/RBV were enrolled in the study, and of whom with chronic genotype 1a or 1b received grazoprevir 100 mg and elbasvir 50 mg in a fixed-dose combination tablet once daily with or without ribavirin for 12 to 16 weeks. Results: Of 2,419 HIV-infected patients, 40 patients with chronic genotype 1 HCV and HIV co-infection who failed PegIFN/RBV treatment were enrolled. Sixteen patients had genotype 1a and 24 patients had genotype 1b, with or without cirrhosis. The median age was 42 (41-47) years, and 5 patients (12.5%) were diagnosed with liver cirrhosis (child Pugh score A). The median CD4 count was 504 cells/μL (321-689). All patients (100%) had HIV viral load <200 copies/mL, and HCV viral load was 6.3 log10 IU/mL (3.98-7.12). At the end of treatment, all patients (100%, 40/40) had undetectable HCV viral load, and 95.0% (38/40) of patients achieved sustained virologic response at 12 weeks. Conclusion: Grazoprevir/elbasvir was effective in genotype 1 patients co-infected with HIV with or without cirrhosis. This finding is consistent with that of previous trials of this regimen in monoinfected population.
Keywords: HCV genotype 1; HCV/HIV co-infection; PEGylated interferon plus ribavirin; direct-acting antiviral; grazoprevir and elbasvir; hepatitis C.