Forced diuresis with matched hydration during transcatheter aortic valve implantation for Reducing Acute Kidney Injury: a randomized, sham-controlled study (REDUCE-AKI)

Eur Heart J. 2019 Oct 7;40(38):3169-3178. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehz343.


Aims: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and is associated with increased risk for short- and long-term mortality. In patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), forced diuresis with matched hydration has been shown to reduce the incidence of AKI by ∼50%. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether forced diuresis with matched intravenous hydration reduces AKI in patients undergoing TAVI.

Methods and results: Reducing Acute Kidney Injury (REDUCE-AKI) was a single-centre, prospective, randomized, double-blind sham-controlled clinical trial, designed to examine the effect of an automated matched saline infusion with urine output for the prevention of AKI in patients undergoing TAVI. A total of 136 TAVI patients were randomized, 68 in each group. Mean age was 83.9 ± 5 years and 41.2% were males. There were no differences in baseline characteristics between the two groups. The rate of AKI was not statistically different between the groups (25% in the active group vs. 19.1% in the sham group, P = 0.408). There was a significant increase in long-term mortality in the active group (27.9% vs. 13. 2% HR 3.744, 95% CI 1.51-9.28; P = 0.004). The study was terminated prematurely by the Data Safety Monitoring Board for futility and a possible signal of harm.

Conclusions: Unlike in PCI, forced diuresis with matched hydration does not prevent AKI in patients undergoing TAVI, and might be associated with increased long-term mortality. Future studies should focus on understanding the mechanisms behind these findings. registration: NCT01866800, 30 April 2013.

Keywords: AKI; Complications; Contrast; TAVI; TAVR.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury* / etiology
  • Acute Kidney Injury* / prevention & control
  • Acute Kidney Injury* / therapy
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aortic Valve / surgery*
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / surgery
  • Diuresis*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Fluid Therapy / methods
  • Fluid Therapy / mortality
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications* / prevention & control
  • Postoperative Complications* / therapy
  • Prospective Studies

Associated data