Multiple hereditary ocular anomalies in a herd of cattle

J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1987 Jul 1;191(1):97-9.


A Brahman x Santa Gertrudis herd of cows bred to a Hereford bull was evaluated because of a 3-year history of several calves born with congenital blindness. Multiple congenital ocular anomalies in 2 calves included microphthalmos, microcornea, microcoria, heterochromia iridis, microlentia, cataracts, retinal dysplasia, retinal detachment, anterior segment dysgenesis, acorea, and proliferation of the anterior neuroectoderm. On the basis of the lack of environmental factors and persistence of an intermittent problem when breeding to a single bull, a genetic defect was diagnosed as the probable cause. Dominant inheritance with varied expressivity may have best explained the lack of obvious signs in the bull, with emergence of various anterior and posterior segment defects in offspring from unrelated cows.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics
  • Abnormalities, Multiple / veterinary*
  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Cattle Diseases / genetics*
  • Eye Abnormalities*
  • Female
  • Male
  • Microphthalmos / genetics
  • Microphthalmos / veterinary
  • Pedigree