Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 14 (5), e0217280

Psychometric Assessment of the French European Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire (DCDQ-FE)


Psychometric Assessment of the French European Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire (DCDQ-FE)

Sylvie Ray-Kaeser et al. PLoS One.


Background: The Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire'07 (DCDQ'07) is a parent-report measure to identify children at risk for Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). We developed a French version of the DCDQ'07 (DCDQ-FE) that has shown excellent inter-language reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) = 0.91) and is culturally relevant for use in European countries. The aims of this study were to examine the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct validity of the Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire-French European (DCDQ-FE), as well as establish a cut-off score.

Methods: The psychometric properties of the DCDQ-FE were examined with a clinical group of 30 children (mean age: 9.4 years, SD = 2.6) and a control group of 43 children (mean age: 9.1 years, SD = 2.4). Their parents (n = 73) filled out the DCDQ-FE at a first sitting and 70 of them filled it out 38 days later in average for test-retest reliability. The children were assessed using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) so as to measure the convergent validity of the DCDQ-FE. The cut-off score was determined with an additional sample of 42 children according to scores on the MABC-2 (≥ 16th percentile) (n = 115).

Results and implications: Internal consistency of the DCDQ-FE was excellent (Cronbach's alpha = 0.96) and test-retest reliability was good (ICC = 0.956) with no differences between scores obtained at the two sittings (p > 0.05). Differences in scores between children in the clinical and control groups (Z = -6.58, p < 0.001) provide evidence of construct validity. The correlation obtained between DCDQ-FE and MABC-2 scores (Spearman's rho correlation coefficient = 0.802, p < 0.001) supports convergent validity. Using a cut-off of 56, overall sensitivity and specificity were 85.0% and 81.6% respectively (area under the curve = 0.896). The DCDQ-FE is a reliable and valid questionnaire for detecting children who are at risk for DCD in a European-French population of children aged 5 to 15 years old.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Similar articles

See all similar articles


    1. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [Internet]. Fifth Edition American Psychiatric Association; 2013. [cited 2019 Feb 11]. - DOI
    1. Blank R, Barnett AL, Cairney J, Green D, Kirby A, Polatajko H, et al. International clinical practice recommendations on the definition, diagnosis, assessment, intervention, and psychosocial aspects of developmental coordination disorder. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2019. March;61(3):242–85. 10.1111/dmcn.14132 - DOI - PMC - PubMed
    1. Summers J, Larkin D, Dewey D. Activities of daily living in children with developmental coordination disorder: Dressing, personal hygiene, and eating skills. Human Movement Science. 2008. April 1;27(2):215–29. 10.1016/j.humov.2008.02.002 - DOI - PubMed
    1. Missiuna C, Moll S, King S, King G, Law M. A Trajectory of Troubles. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics. 2007. January;27(1):81–101. - PubMed
    1. Green D, Lingam R, Mattocks C, Riddoch C, Ness A, Emond A. The risk of reduced physical activity in children with probable Developmental Coordination Disorder: A prospective longitudinal study. Res Dev Disabil. 2011. August;32(4):1332–42. 10.1016/j.ridd.2011.01.040 - DOI - PubMed

Publication types

Grant support

The study was supported with funding from the HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Western Switzerland, health domain (26-015). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.