Pediatric vitreous hemorrhage: A narrative review

Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Jun;67(6):732-739. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_688_18.


Vitreous hemorrhage is one of the most common causes of sudden, painless loss of vision in adults. This is probably one of the reasons why it has been extensively studied and reported in literature. However, the same cannot be said when it comes to vitreous hemorrhage in the pediatric age group. The causes of vitreous hemorrhage in children tend to differ from those of adults. Not much data exist regarding their presentation and management. In addition to trauma, certain spontaneous causes such as pediatric tumors and congenital conditions assume importance while considering the differential diagnosis of vitreous hemorrhage in the pediatric age group. However, it is natural that the treating ophthalmologist is faced with challenges when a child presents with vitreous hemorrhage. In this narrative review, we have attempted to analyze the retrospective observational studies regarding pediatric vitreous hemorrhage reported in English literature till date. The article sheds some light on the prevailing epidemiology, management strategies employed and the visual outcome among different regions of the world.

Keywords: Children; pediatric; vitreous hemorrhage.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Disease Management*
  • Global Health
  • Humans
  • Morbidity / trends
  • Visual Acuity*
  • Vitreous Body / diagnostic imaging*
  • Vitreous Hemorrhage* / diagnosis
  • Vitreous Hemorrhage* / epidemiology
  • Vitreous Hemorrhage* / therapy