Purpose: The aim of this multicenter study was to examine the residual alveolar bone anatomy and sinus mucosa pattern at maxillary sinus regions in multiple teeth loss.
Materials and methods: This study was conducted with cone beam computed tomography images of 518 patients (267 females and 251 males) with multiple posterior maxillary teeth loss. Variables associated with sinus membrane (SM), sinus dimensions, ostium, septa, sinus neighborhood, alveolar bone height and ridge width, posterior superior alveolar artery, and adjacent roots were evaluated.
Results: No (58.2%) or flat (19.3%) thickening morphology was detected at most of the SMs. Membrane thickening and mucosal-like morphology was more prevalent for male patients (P = 0.005). The mean sinus width was relatively low (3.64 ± 3.33 mm) at the 5-mm level and showed an expected increase toward upper levels. Most of the sinus spaces were dimensionally average (39.5%) or wide (44.7%), and no effect of gender was observed in terms of sinus dimensions (P > 0.05).
Conclusion: Multiple teeth loss plays a role in creating an imaginary sinus anatomy constituted of a relatively narrow space compared with single-tooth loss cases, from 3.6-mm mean coronal width to 11.3 mm in the apical portion.