No difference in gait kinematics or kinetics between limbs in bilateral total hip replacement patients at long-term follow-up

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2019 Jul;67:166-170. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2019.05.007. Epub 2019 May 9.

Abstract

Background: Previous studies report that gait parameters of patients following total hip replacement improve from pre-operative levels, although in most cases do not reach those of normal subjects. However, studies are generally of unilateral total hip replacement patients at short-term follow-up. There have been no reports of 3D gait kinematics and kinetics in patients with bilateral total hip replacements at long-term follow-up. The aim of this study was to compare temporospatial parameters and 3D lower limb gait kinematics and kinetics at long-term follow-up between limbs and against controls for patients who have undergone staged bilateral total hip replacement.

Methods: 3D gait analysis was performed on 13 patients who had undergone bilateral total hip replacement, at an average follow-up of 10.1 (first hip) and 9.3 years (second hip), and a normal elderly control group comprising 10 subjects.

Findings: Knee flexion/extension range of motion was marginally greater in Hip 2 (p = 0.049) compared to Hip 1 by 3.2°. There were no other significant differences in temporospatial parameters or a range of lower limb kinematics or kinetics between the first and second operated hip. Multiple gait parameters were significantly worse for both hips compared to age-matched normal individuals.

Interpretation: Although symmetrical biomechanical recovery was achieved, significant gait deficiencies remain in both hips compared to normal controls. These deficits may provide targets for enhanced rehabilitation programs.

Keywords: Bilateral; Gait analysis; Hip replacement; Long-term follow-up.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gait / physiology*
  • Gait Analysis
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Lower Extremity / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology