Objective: The Valiant Navion stent graft system (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, Calif) is a new iteration of a thoracic endograft for the treatment of descending thoracic aortic aneurysms. Herein, the 30-day primary safety and efficacy outcomes and secondary end points are presented.
Methods: The Valiant EVO global clinical trial is a prospective, nonrandomized, single-arm trial. Patient enrollment occurred from April 2016 to October 2017. The primary end point was defined as access and/or deployment failure and/or a major device effect (MDE), including device-related secondary procedures, device-related mortality, conversion to open surgery, or thoracic aortic aneurysm rupture within 30 days of the index procedure. Other measures of stent graft performance including procedural data, rates of secondary procedures, and frequency of endoleaks are also reported.
Results: Of the 87 consecutive patients undergoing thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair who were enrolled, 33 (37.9%) were female with 61 (70.9%) presenting with severe access artery tortuosity and 66 (85.7%) with high thoracic aortic tortuosity per core laboratory evaluation. The mean procedure duration was 88.7 ± 53.4 minutes and geographical differences existed such as percutaneous access (37/52 [71.2%]) in the United States and surgical cut down in the outside of the U.S. sites (28/35 [80.0%]). There were no access or deployment failures and only 2.3% of the patients (2/87; P < .0001; performance goal of 16%) experienced a MDE within 30 days of the index procedure. Two secondary procedures (n = 1 retrograde type A dissection; n = 1 aortic arch rupture) were required, and in the first 30 days, two patients died leading to a freedom from all-cause mortality of 97.7%. Endoleaks at 1 month were reported in 2.5% of patients (n = 1 type Ia; n = 1 type II).
Conclusions: Access/deployment failures, MDEs, and endoleaks were rare in the first 30 days of the Valiant Evo clinical trial. The Valiant Navion thoracic stent graft system has shown encouraging 30-day results in this challenging cohort and trial patients will continue to be followed through 5 years.
Keywords: TEVAR; Thoracic endovascular aortic repair; Thoracic stent graft.
Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.