Objective: The GSTP1 gene, which is located on chromosome 11q13, consists of 7 exons and 6 introns. There are two polymorphisms in GSTP1 that have been exposed to a transposition for codon 105 (Ile/Val) and 114 (Ala/Val) in exons 5 and 6, which have been studied previously in relation to lung cancer. Since the level of GSTP1 expression in lung tissues and other human epithelial tissues is high, GSTP1Val-105 polymorphism is recognized as a sensitive factor for tobacco-related cancers, especially lung cancer. Methods: One hundred and twenty tissue block samples of patients with lung cancers and 120 peripheral blood samples of the control group were obtained from two referral cancer centers in Tehran, Iran, from 2011 to 2016. Genomic DNA was extracted from tissue blocks and buffy coat of study cases to detect SNP of GSTP1 gene using Tetra-primer ARMS-PCR. Results: There was a notable correlation between the incidence of lung cancer and variant Val105 (P-value=0.001; OR=2/6; 95% CI=1.49-4.53) and Ile105 (P-value=0.003; OR=0.41; 95% CI=0.23-0.73). The odds ratio for lung cancer in the homozygous Ile105/Ile105 genotype was 3.56 times higher than that of individual with heterozygous Ile105/Val105 (P-value<0.001; OR=3/56; 95% CI=1.826-6.934) genotype, that was statistically significant. Furthermore, the results showed that there was no significant correlation between Ala114/Val114 genotypes and lung cancer. The BC (P-value=0.007; OR=0.16; 95% CI=0.04-0.61) and AA (P=0.001) genotypes were statistically significant (P-value <0.05); and for those who had AA genotype, the odds ratio was almost six times higher than those with BC genotype. Conclusions: The study of GSTP1 polymorphisms indicated that unlike the polymorphism in exon 5, the GSTP1 exon 6 polymorphism correlated with the lung cancer risk in the select group of Iranian people. Likewise, the potential use of this genetic polymorphism as a lung cancer predictor is confirmed.
Keywords: Glutathione S-Transferase pi; Lung Neoplasms; Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP); ARMS-PCR.
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