Ovarian cancer (OC) is a lethal gynecological cancer. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway plays an important role in the regulation of cell survival, growth, and proliferation. Irregularities in the major components of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway are common in human cancers. Despite the availability of strong pre-clinical and clinical data of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway inhibitors in OC, there is no FDA approved inhibitor available for the treatment of OC. Here, we outline the importance of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway in OC tumorigenesis, proliferation and progression, and pre-clinical and clinical experience with several PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway inhibitors in OC.
Keywords: AKT; Ovarian cancer; PI3K; Pathway; mTOR.
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