Clinical and molecular cytogenetic characterization of a novel 10q interstitial deletion: a case report and review of the literature

Mol Cytogenet. 2019 May 17:12:20. doi: 10.1186/s13039-019-0430-8. eCollection 2019.


Background: There are only ten reported cases of interstitial deletions involving cytogenetic bands 10q21.3q22.2 in the literature. Of the ten patients with overlapping 10q21.3q22.2 interstitial deletions, only nine have been characterized by chromosomal microarray analysis. Here, we report a two-and-a-half-year-old patient with a de novo 10.2-Mb deletion that extends from 10q21.3 to 10q22.3 and contains 92 protein coding genes.

Case presentation: The patient is the product of a 37-week dizygotic twin pregnancy and presented with global developmental delay, hypotonia, feeding difficulties, short stature, poor weight gain, scaphocephaly, retrognathia, hypoplasia of the optic nerves/chiasms, a distinctive facial gestalt, as well as additional minor dysmorphic features. The deletion identified in our patient is the second largest reported interstitial deletion involving the 10q21.3q22.2 region. Our patient presents with the generalized features observed in 10q21.3q22.2 deletion patients and also presents with several novel findings including scaphocephaly, hypoplasia of the optic nerves and chiasms, and a very distinctive facial gestalt.

Conclusions: Based on a literature review, we identify a commonly deleted region and suggest that KAT6B is a critical gene within the 10q21.3q22.2 region. However, a review of the reported overlapping deletions also suggests that there are additional critical genes contributing to the clinical presentation of these patients.

Keywords: 10q21 deletion; 10q22 deletion; C10ORF11; GPS; KAT6B; SBBYSS.

Publication types

  • Case Reports