Considering the anti-photoaging effect of antioxidant compounds, we investigated the protective capacity of grape peel extract (GPE) and resveratrol on ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin wrinkle formation. Total phenolic, total anthocyanin, and total flavonoid content in GPE prepared from peel of Campbell Early variety were 23.96 ± 0.09, 3.27 ± 0.40, and 1.24 ± 0.09 mg/g dry weight, respectively. Additionally, trans-resveratrol and piceid content of the resulting GPE were 117.14 ± 19.97 and 85.23 ± 8.89 µg/g dry weight, respectively. Oral administration of either 2 g GPE or 2 mg resveratrol per kg body weight in mice attenuated UVB-induced epidermal thickening (the thickness was reduced by about 63% and 55% with GPE and resveratrol consumption prior to exposure to UVB, respectively, compared to only UVB-treated condition) and had marginally protective effect on wrinkle formation of skin exposed to UVB. As introduction of either GPE or resveratrol induced Nrf2-dependent antioxidant enzymes including heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in liver and skin as well as inhibited metalloproteinases, it is highly probable that the extract or resveratrol mitigated UVB-induced photoaging through activation of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: This study proved that resveratrol and the extract of grape peel, a common by-product of grape juice processing, provide effective protection from UV-induced skin wrinkle formation. Therefore, grape peel extract, which contains an appreciable amount of bioactive compound resveratrol, can be utilized as functional food ingredient for the manufacture of inner beauty products.
Keywords: HO-1; Nrf2; grape peel extract; resveratrol; wrinkle.
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